German Ambulance

The German EMS system’s vehicles come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. All of its vehicles must conform to most aspects of the requirements of European standard CEN 1789 as reflected in the German standard DIN EN 1789 (types A-C) or German standard DIN 75079. The visual identity requirements of the European standard are not yet being followed. The three major types of vehicle are:

  1. The Krankentransportwagen (KTW), a van-type ambulance used for non-emergency transport. It conforms to DIN EN 1789-A1/A2: “Patient Transport Ambulance single/multiple patient”
  2. The Rettungswagen (RTW), a larger van used for emergencies. It conforms to DIN EN 1789-C “Mobile Intensive Care Unit”
  3. The Notarzteinsatzfahrzeug (NEF), a station wagon or small van. Its purpose is to bring the Notarzt (Emergency Physician) to the scene of the emergency, when required. It conforms to DIN 75079

Additionally, the Mehrzweckfahrzeug (MZF), or multi-purpose vehicle – often referred to as a Notfallkrankenwagen or Kombinationsfahrzeug (KOM) – serves a dual role as patient transport vehicle and as backup for emergency responses and usually conforms to type B of DIN EN 1789.

Other vehicles that are also employed include neonatal units for special pediatric care and transport, ambulances for obese patients, special infectious transport units and disaster response supply vehicles. (Wikipedia)

Running Springs Fire Department

Captured by: ReOrbitVR

Our Mission: “Service to the Community”

The Running Springs Fire Department is nestled in the San Bernardino Mountains of Southern California. The Department provides Fire Protection and Paramedic Services to the community of Running Springs and surrounding areas.

The Running Springs Fire Department is a combination Full Time and Paid Call department. A full-time staff of 9 and 20 Paid Call Firefighters provides a 24-hour emergency response to a 52 square mile area. (Running Springs Fire Department)


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San Bernardino National Forest | Keller Peak Fire Lookout

The Keller Peak Fire Lookout is located at the top of Keller Peak Road just past Running Springs California.  Constructed in 1926, it is the oldest fire tower still standing in the San Bernardino National Forest.

From 1927 to 1981 the tower was manned by Forest Service personnel. In 1985, volunteers from the Rim of the World Interpretive Association manned the site after it received an extensive renovation. In 1994 the Fire Lookout Host program was created to manage all the lookouts “on the forest.” Currently, over 250 volunteers operate all the lookouts from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily during fire season. “This year alone, Keller Peak lookout volunteers have called in three ‘first responses’ to fires. They’re becoming more and more important in assisting firefighters,” said Kris Assel, executive director of the San Bernardino National Forest Association. When visitors are not on the lookout, volunteers scan for “smokes.” Trained on the Osborne, a device used to locate points within the forest, they are fully trained to let the Forest Service know the exact location of the fire. “Often our lookout volunteers assist with pinpointing exact fire locations,” said Chris Fabbro, co-coordinator of the Fire Lookout Host program.

The lookout hasn’t changed much from the time it was built by members of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). The site represents one of the very few fire towers in California that were built before the Great Depression. Although cell phones make it easier for residents and visitors to report fires, the lookouts still serve as fire lookouts and also as mini visitor centers. Visitors who wish to climb the steep steps up to the tower get a beautiful view of the valley below (smog aside) and when they turn around, a view of the beautiful mountain peaks that surround the tower.

According to information from the U.S. Forest Service, the peak was named for Ally Carlin Keller who was born in San Bernardino in 1868. He was, at one time, an employee of the Forest Service. A Sierra Club history of the site says that his father, Carlin Keller, was a native of Illinois who settled, farmed and logged the area in 1854. A Serrano Indian name for this peak may have been “Kaviktaviat,” meaning “so very deep or steep that it could not be climbed.”

On Saturday, July 13, 2002, a re-dedication ceremony was held to honor nine crewmen of a B-26 bomber who were killed on December 31, 1941, when the plane they were flying crashed into Keller Peak. Apparently, had they been flying 100 feet higher the plane would have cleared the mountain. The plane had earlier been a part of a diamond formation traveling through the Cajon Pass but when the squadron encountered stormy weather, the planes separated and the B-26 at the rear of the formation failed to clear the mountain.

The lookout gives a history of the flight, along with a commemorative plaque situated near the two engines that are still on the mountainside. During Saturday’s events, a rededication of the plaque was made. The rim of the World Community Church Pastor Charles Van Kirk led the short service.

Keller Peak Fire Lookout is open to the public 9 am – 5 pm daily from Memorial Day to mid-November. This lookout is located east of Running Springs on Forest Road 1N96. This 5-mile road is paved all the way to the fire lookout. (Joan Moseley) Captured by: ReOrbitVR


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Air Ambulance Eurocopter EC135

The Eurocopter EC135 (now Airbus Helicopters H135) is a twin-engine civil light utility helicopter produced by Airbus Helicopters (formerly known as Eurocopter). It is capable of flight under instrument flight rules (IFR) and is outfitted with digital flight controls. It entered service in 1996; over a thousand aircraft have been produced to date. It is widely used by police and ambulance services and for executive transport; by 2013, more than 500 EC135s were providing helicopter emergency medical services across the world. While the EC135 is primarily used by civil operators, a combat-capable military-orientated variant of the EC135, designated as the Eurocopter EC635, has also been produced. (Wikipedia)


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