The Muscogee Creek Nation Council House is the historical seat of government for the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, located in the town of Okmulgee, Oklahoma. The current council house was built in 1878 and is the third structure to serve as the tribe’s seat of government. It is a two-story brick building with a portico and pediment supported by Doric columns. The Council House is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The Muscogee Creek Nation is a federally recognized Native American tribe formerly known as the Creek Nation. The Muscogee people were forcibly relocated from their ancestral homes in the Southeast United States to Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) in the early 1800s as part of the Indian Removal Act. The Creek Nation was one of the Five Civilized Tribes and had a complex and sophisticated society, with a centralized government that consisted of a Council of Chiefs and a National Council.
The Council House was the seat of the Muscogee Creek Nation’s government from 1878 until the tribe was dissolved in 1906 by the Dawes Act. The building was used as a courthouse and government office until the mid-20th century. It was then converted into a museum and cultural center. The Council House is the only remaining Creek Nation building from the pre-removal era and is a reminder of the tribe’s rich history and culture.